In this article we are going to share information about bhakra nangal dam which is biggest dam in India. Bhakra nangal Dam is a solid gravity dam on the Sutlej River in Bilaspur, Himachal Pradesh. The Dam is the second tallest dam in Asia. The length of the dam is 518.25 m and the width is 9.1 m. Its repository known as “Gobind Sagar” accumulates to 9.34 billion cubic meters of water. Bhakra Dam is 15 km from Nangal city. Nangal Dam is a downstream dam to Bhakra Dam. Together they are called Bhakra Nangal Dam.
On October 22, 2013, the legislature of India affirmed the arrival of a stamp to check the 50th commemoration of the dam as it was the main dam that could create 1500 MW control amid that time. The Bhakra Nangal multi-reason dams are first among the stream valley improvement plans taken by the administration post autonomy. The dam is visited by more than 2 to 3 lakh guests consistently from everywhere throughout the world.
History of bhakra nangal dam-
The Bhakra-Nangal multipurpose dams were among the most punctual stream valley advancement plans attempted by India after autonomy however the task had been imagined well before India turned into a free country. The understanding for this task had been marked by the then Punjab Revenue Minister, Sir Chhotu Ram in November 1944 with Raja of Bilaspur and concluded the venture plan on 8 January 1945. At first, the development of the dam was begun by Sir Louis Dane, the Lieutenant Governor of Punjab. Be that as it may, the undertaking got postponed and was restarted not long after autonomy under the central planner Rai Bahadur Kunwar Sen Gupta.
In October 1963, at the function to check the devotion of the Bhakra– Nangal task to the country, Prime Minister Nehru stated, “This dam has been worked with the unwavering drudge of man to assist humankind and along these lines is deserving of love.
The Bhakra nangal dam is based on Sutlej River. It is Asia’s second tallest dam with a stature of around 207.26 meters after the Tehri dam, which has a tallness of around 261 meters. The Tehri dam is additionally arranged in India in the territory of Uttrakhand.
The dam, at 741 ft (226 m), is one of the most noteworthy gravity dams on the planet . The 166 km² Gobindsagar Reservoir, named after Guru Gobind Singh, is made by this dam which is the third biggest supply in India the first being Indira Sagar Dam and second Nagarjunasagar Dam.
Bhakra dam was a piece of the bigger multipurpose Bhakra Nangal Project whose points were to avert surges in the Satluj-Beas stream valley, to give water system to abutting states and furthermore to give hydro-power. It likewise turned into a place of interest for the vacationers amid later years in view of its enormous size and uniqueness.
The essential utilization of the dam is water system, putting away water. The dam gives water system water to Haryana, Rajasthan, Gujarat, and Himachal Pradesh. The dam holds overabundance waters amid the rainstorm and gives a controlled discharge amid the year.
Bhakra and Nangal dams house hydroelectric power generators, which are arranged on both the sides of the dams. There are two power houses with an aggregate limit of 1325 MW. The power produced is provided to Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, Gujarat and Himachal Pradesh .
Three extra power plants are on the two trenches Nangal Hydel Channel and Anandpur Sahib Hydel Channel that start from Nangal dam. Their age limits are : Ganguwal – 77.65 MW, Kotla – 77.65 MW and Anandpur – 134 MW.
The repository of the Dam, Gobind Sagar, homes fishes of various species including jeopardized Mahseer. Business angling by Local angler is likewise basic in Gobind Sagar.
Voyagers visiting Bhakra nangal Dam likewise have the chance to attempt the water sports at the acclaimed Gobind Lake. This is a fake lake framed because of the Bhakra Dam on the waterway Sutlej. The lake is very popular for the games, for example, water skiing, cruising, kayaking, and water bike dashing. One can likewise visit the blessed place of worship of the Naina Devi, ignoring the Gobind Lake and experience wilderness safari, adjacent untamed life haven.
A body called Bhakra Management Board (BMB) is appointed for the organization, upkeep and activity of the dam. The authoritative body was established in 1966 and came into work from October 1, 1967.
The individuals from the board are named by the legislature of India and the conditions of Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh, Delhi, and Chandigarh.
How to reach-
Bhakra nangal dam has customary transport courses and taxi administrations from it’s encompassing urban areas. Closest air terminal is at Chandigarh.